PAMUNKEY INDIAN RESERVATION

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We arrived at the reservation just before the guide finished the previous group. When we off loaded from the bus, our tour guide divided us into two groups. One group was led into the museum and the other half to the one room school house.

A display inside the museum showed primitive pieces of hunting equipment, pottery, tomahawks, tools and a small section of bead works and clothing.

I read a pamphlet about this one-room frame school house which for decades the state partially supported. This school on the Pamunkey reservation offered elementary education to a small number of children until it closed in the 1950s; but many Virginia Indians who desired to attend high school were denied admittance to the racially segregated public schools. In Virginia, they either had to leave home to attend a government Indian school in another state or quit school before completing their education. This Pamunkey Indian school is now part of the tribal museum on the Pamunkey Reservation.

Inside, three black chalk boards hung on the wooden wall. On one side of the room sat a wood burning stove. In the cold and chilly months, the warmth from the stove was a blessing to the young children. I enjoyed the history and heritage about this reservation.
The Pamunkey tribe is one of only two that still retain reservation lands assigned by the 1646 and 1677 treaties with the English colonial government.  The Pamunkey reservation is located on some of its ancestral land on the Pamunkey River adjacent to present day King William County. Virginia.
Since we are on a bus tour, our time at the reservation was cut short.  I wanted to see the fish hatchery that Pamunkey Indians maintain.  One of the main staple of their diet is fish. The Pamunkey have maintained a philosophy that if you took fish from the water, you should put some back.  I did learn a little information about their hatchery.
In 1918 they started an indoor fish hatchery with an 800 gallon holding tank, gas powered motor, hatching jars and holding tanks.  As soon as the eggs hatched, they were gravity-fed back into the Pamunkey River.  Since then, the Pamunkey Tribal expanded the hatchery from 12 hatching jars to 24 and upgraded the facilities and filtration system.
Now with a larger hatchery and more equipment to spawn the shad fish they can tag the shad to help document life history characteristics.  Spawning shad (broad stock) will be manually spawned and fertilized eggs will be incubated in the hatchery.  Upon hatching, the young shad fry will be intensively cultured for about a 16 day period.  During their stay at the hatchery, the dry will be marked with Oxytetracyclin (OTC) on a set sequence of days that will give the shad produced from the PTG hatchery a unique tag.  All shad produced from this facility will be released back into the Pamunkey River.
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The Great Blue Heron’s Catch

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Like most takers of fish, the Great Blue Heron waits for long periods of time for a fish to get close.  When the fish is within striking distance and with lighting speed the Great Blue Herons’ beak jabs into the water in an attempt to clamp onto the fish.  Here you see the Great Blue Heron attempting to swallow the fish whole.  In the other picture the same Heron turned, now you see blood from the stab wound of the Herons’ beak.


Camera used is a Sony A77II, Sony lens 70-400mm, ISO 800, 230MM, f7.1, AT 1/800 Sec. Location Lions Bridge, Newport News, VA 4/21/17.

A Bird with a Talon to Fish

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I swoop and dive into the river James.
Out from the shallow water’s a fish I retain.
My young juveniles with open beaks awaits me.
I nourish them with fish I caught by the talons of my feet.

Pictured taken from a Sony A77II, Sony lens 70–400mm,
1/1250 sec., at f5.6, ISO 400, 360mm

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Great Blue Heron with a Fish

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Survival

Great Blue Heron

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This is an amazing bird.  The great blue heron walks ever so cautiously through the water.  Each step is placed like it is walking on thin ice.  Not a ripple is made as it makes its way through the water.  Near the edge of the water a fallen tree lies, the branches hang out over the water.  With the help of the bird’s massive wings, the heron leaps onto a branch.  When its wings are spread out, this giant of a bird appears like a pre historic bird.  Now, on the limb, it stands motionless like a bluish, grey statue.  The great blue is a territorial bird.  Always aware of its surrounding, his head with its long sword like beak turns ever so slowly.  It appears to be a passive bird.  But, if something should invade its territory it will let out a horrific screech of a sound; with its large flapping wings and the sword like beak charging after you is enough to make the invader seek another place.   Most of the time he is a very slow moving bird, except when he is catching a fish.  When he spots the fish, he dives into the water like a bolt of lighting and with a great splash comes out of the water with its catch.

Photo by: Richard Smith

 

 

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A bird takes a fish to the nest

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I go to the river camera in hand, to photograph the ospreys.  I search for the hawks but none seen.  About two hours later six ospreys come to their favorite fishing hole. Now the survival of the fittest begins.

After taking some photos a thought came to mind.  Do ospreys have a vision that reveal where and when it finds the fish?  With its hypnotic trance-like yellow eyes it focuses with the intensity of a laser beam. 

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The innocent fish below swims in search of edible aquatic life.  The osprey from above the waters surface plunges to the water feet first.  Its’ talons hit the fish like a bolt of lightning. 

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Very few fish survive the bear like grasp of the osprey’s piercing talons.  With wings powerful enough to knock a dog off its feet the osprey lifts its catch out of the water taking it to the nest to feed the family.   The survivors are fish who swim deep enough to keep away from its flying predators.

Vision
Survival

The Fish Hawk’s Catch

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About seventy yards above the waters’ surface this osprey hovers like a helicopter, its yellow eyes focused on its prey.

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With a sudden-feet first plunge its talons open like claws.  The bird of prey hooks its catch and off it flies with his fish. 

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The osprey is a hawk known as a fish hawk.  Its primary food is fish but will search nearby fields and swamps for rodents, snakes and other reptiles as a last resort.  They build their nest out of sticks and debris placed in a tree, on rocks, or telephone poles.  I often see nests built on day-markers and channel-markers.  The male delivers the fish to the female on the nest who tears off pieces to feed to the young.

Hope you all enjoy !!!!  All comments are welcomed

Photos and writing by 1kayaker.wordpress.com  (Richard Smith)

 

 

 

The Osprey’s Catch: One Fish at a Time

"golden crown kinglet", Bird photography, Birding, Birds, Christianity, Faith, Nature, Outdoors

April, the month the ospreys arrive from their winter range to begin the cycle of life. I captured the below photo in Newport News, VA at the spillway where Lake Maury overflows into the James River. Two hours before high tide the ospreys flock near the spillway to capture their bountiful food of herring, shad and other bait fish. As the tide moves in, the fish swim through the spillway into Lake Maury. In a tight circle, the osprey flies about 10 to 30 feet above the water’s surface. When the osprey spots its prey, it does an aerial dance. Its wings flutter to hold its position from the winds current. The ospreys yellow eyes are intense on its prey. With its wings folded it dives into the water. Within seconds the osprey swoops out of the water with a fish snagged in its talons.

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Written and photographed by:  Richard Smith